1. Can you install AE on a server?
2. How do you run a script on a remote system?
I'll take a swing:
1. I haven't tried it; it's not formally supported; yet unless Adobe specifically prevents it, it will install. Another option, which I'd personally prefer: install it on a virtual Win7 or Win8 machine instead, under a hyper-visor on that server. Much cleaner, more portable, easier to manage. Bottom line, it's possible to install AE on a server.