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diane collins
ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 3:51:58 pm

Hi,
I am new to FCP and am having lots of trouble - hoping you can help me out.
I am making a video in FCP with still images and I am trying to export this movie for the ipad.
When I export using h.264, the text in the still images looks very blurry and the images are washed out.
I've seen lots of posts on this issue, but haven't found an answer that works. The text was done in photoshop and placed over the image, and then imported in FCP.

I tried exporting the FCP file with the Animation codec and it looks good when I play it in quicktime.
But...then the file doesn't work on the ipad.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:18:34 pm

in HD, iPad has to be 720p30 (or 720p24) h264 and the audio needs to be 160kbps.

What format/frame rate is your timeline?


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:24:10 pm

Hi Jeremy,
Thanks for your reply.
When I export for h.264 at the correct frame rate, the video plays on the ipad.
The problem is that the text in my images look blurry and the images themselves look really faded and washed out. Is there a way to export to h.264 but keep the same image quality?
Does this make sense? Thanks!


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:28:57 pm

What format and frame rate is your timeline?

This will help answer the ultimate question.

I should add that audio should be AAC @ 160kbps, stereo.


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:35:49 pm

Sorry, but I am VERY new to FCP. I went to the Format window (from Edit). Not sure if this is where I'm supposed to check, but it says the Vid Rate is 29.97.
Is this what you're looking for?


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:57:26 pm

With your sequence selected, hit command-zero to bring up the sequence settings.

Jeremy


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 5:01:11 pm

frame size 720 x 480 aspect ratio NTSC DV (3:2)
compressor DV/DVCPRO - NTSC

I'm going to try to export with compressor now..


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walter biscardi
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:52:16 pm

We just use the stock iPhone HD presets in Compressor here and everything looks surprisingly good. We've made files from 720p/59.94 and 1080i / 29.97 timelines.

Walter Biscardi, Jr.
Editor, Colorist, Director, Writer, Consultant, Author, Chef.
HD Post and Production
Biscardi Creative Media

"Foul Water, Fiery Serpent" featuring Sigourney Weaver coming soon.

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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:54:24 pm

I am using FCP 5 - would that work in this version?
That would be awesome if so. I've been trying to figure this out for days!!!
Thanks for all of you help.


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 4:54:43 pm

Actually, AppleTV would be the closer choice.

Jeremy


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 5:04:30 pm

OK, I got ahead of myself. I don't know how to use compressor.
Do I export the file in FCP and then bring it into compressor?


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 7:42:27 pm

Yes, but that version of COmpressor won't have the necessary AppleTV preset, and you are also working in HD so an HD preset won't work.

Instead make a 640x480 29.97 h264 with aforementioned audio specs.

Jeremy


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 8:20:21 pm

OK, so in FCP - export as:

640x480 29.97 h264
AAC @ 160kbps, stereo

then bring it into Compressor and export it as Apple TV?



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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 8:53:11 pm

[diane collins] "OK, so in FCP - export as: "

No, export your movie out of FCP.

Export > Quicktime Movie > leave self contained and recompress all frames UNchecked (this exports a reference movie).

Then in Compressor make an h264 preset @ 640x480, deinterlacing on, and AAC audio @ 160kbps.

Jeremy


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B.J. Ahlen
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 8:23:56 pm

Make the project 720p to make things easy (DVCPRO HD is probably optimal in FCP5), and render to this size in H.264.

For the love of God, don't use DVCPRO NTSC (DV).

DV has 4:1:1 color sampling, meaning 75% of the color is discarded, and the resolution sucks.

Technically the Pad is 1024x768 with square pixels, but it does an amazing job showing 720p (1280x720).



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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 8:24:44 pm

[B.J. Ahlen] "Make the project 720p to make things easy (DVCPRO HD is probably optimal in FCP5), and render to this size in H.264. "

I would not recommend this, and keep your video 4x3 SD.

Jeremy


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 8:25:32 pm

[B.J. Ahlen] "Technically the Pad is 1024x768 with square pixels,"

Also, this size doesn't work, I've tried. It wants 720p video (for HD).

Jeremy


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B.J. Ahlen
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 9:32:44 pm

[Jeremy Garchow] "Also, this size doesn't work, I've tried. It wants 720p video (for HD).
"


Different things:

1. The iPad's screen is 1024x768.

2. The iPad can play back 720p files on its own screen, scaling it to 1024x576 with black bars on the top and bottom, or it can show them in full glory on an external 720p+ screen.

iTunes uses 960x540 if you use Advanced>Create iPad or Apple TV version.

Low res video looks a lot better on an iPad than on a desktop or laptop computer, but with stills the OP may be pushing her luck for what she wants to do.

DVCPRO50 would be the best choice for SD as it is at least 4:2:2, which will end up as 4:2:0 in the common profiles of H.264, and it can be either 4:3 or anamorphic 16:9.

Regular DVCPRO (DV25) is 4:1:1, which will end up being 4:1:0 when rendered to H.264 for iPad, so only 12.5% of the original color information will remain. There may be some chroma smoothing to ameliorate the result, but why cripple nice photos?

4:3 or 16:9 is a matter of what is the most common aspect ratio for the photos.



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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 15, 2010 at 10:00:49 pm

BJ, we will agree to disagree with some of your facts.

First, the original poster needs to get her job done.

Jeremy


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 16, 2010 at 1:17:46 pm

OK, So I'm a little stumped.
I thought it would be better to make the overall size of the movie larger so the quality will hold up full screen on the ipad.

The setting options in the sequence preset editor are:

frame size: I am trying to make the video 1280 x 720 so used the custom option and typed this in

pixel aspect ratio: the only options are:
NTSC - CCIR 601 / DV - 720 x 480
PAL - CCIR 601 - 720 x 576
HD - 960 x 720
HD - 1280 x 1180
HD - 1440 x 1080

Editing Timebase: 29.97
Compressor: h.264

Since the pixel aspect ratio does not match my frame size, I'm not sure what to do.

Thanks again for all of your help and taking time to help me w/ this!!!



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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 16, 2010 at 4:32:31 pm

[diane collins] "frame size: I am trying to make the video 1280 x 720 so used the custom option and typed this in "

Diane, please try the 640x480 screen size first. See if it works for you.


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 17, 2010 at 12:47:50 pm

Hi Guys, So I'm completely lost.
Here's what I just tried...

I resized the images to 640 x 480
I then went to:

export to quicktime movie

setting: i am trying a custom setting

frame size - 640 x 480 (Custom in the dropdown menu)

Pixel Aspect Ratio - not sure what to put here
Anamorphic 16:9 - unchecked


I tried most of the options in the Pixel Aspect Ratio drop down menu, but none of these worked well.
Thanks for all of your help. Do you have any more suggestions?


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Jeremy Garchow
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 17, 2010 at 3:11:47 pm

Diane-

do not do anything to your fcp timeline. Leave it as it was in the dv specs, then follow these directions from yesterday.

"No, export your movie out of FCP.

Export > Quicktime Movie > leave self contained and recompress all frames UNchecked (this exports a reference movie).

Then in Compressor make an h264 preset @ 640x480, deinterlacing on, and AAC audio @ 160kbps. "

Jeremy


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diane collins
Re: ipad conversion
on Jun 28, 2010 at 3:00:33 pm

OK, sorry I didn't have time to work on this for a few days.
I'm trying again.
So far, I exported in FCP and the file looks good.
I am now trying this:

"Then in Compressor make an h264 preset @ 640x480, deinterlacing on, and AAC audio @ 160kbps. "

I'm confused about the Compressor settings.
In the settings, my options for h.264 are:
h.264 for apple devices
h.264 for blue-ray
h.264 for dvd studio pro

I don't see an option anywhere to type in 640 x 480...



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