I am editing HD material to make a DVD. Thinking about audio, which levels are recommended? The footages are seascapes where one can hear waves and occasional birds. Using Audio Mixer and iMac, it seems that a level of -30 seems to good for this kind of background audio. If aiming to level 0 I have to change the settings too much, since the recorded level is quite low, even if I have had the max recording level on the camera. Or ... ?
Sverker Hahn, Stockholm
Slower is better!
Final Cut Studio 2
MacBook Pro 15"
Since the beginning of digital audio, no one can use 0 level as a standard, unlike analog audio. At a maximum -12db is acceptable when doing interviews, but -20db is what most pro audio guys record at so they have the headroom in case a loud noise makes the audio peak.
Do you mean record levels in the field or post production levels?
There are standards for post production broadcast levels which has been covered here a lot so a search of the forums will help. Even if you are making a DVD it would help to know what standard levels are so that your program has the right perceived loudness.