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File formats for archiving video

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Mark Chapin
File formats for archiving video
on Jun 15, 2011 at 4:46:03 pm

I run a video department in a non-profit. We edit in FCP and have 35 years of footage collected. We have transferred most of it to Betacam and DVCAM and a bulk of our has been shot in mini-DV. Now that we are looking at tapes less cameras and more digital options, I need to plan for time efficient archiving. I thought to keep a copy of finished projects in h.264 but I am not sure this is the best format to store for the future.

Does anyone have any suggestions or can point in a direction to conduct my own research?

Thanks!


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Andrew Richards
Re: File formats for archiving video
on Jun 16, 2011 at 3:07:56 pm

Camera original formats will maintain the most quality, but they are also often partially proprietary (even if they lean heavily on on the MXF standards, there always seems to be some proprietary extras mixed into the files on formats like XDCAM and P2). In all likelihood the essence video in these MXF camera formats will be playable long into the future owing to the MPEG codecs they employ. You need to be a little more cautious if you are dealing with strictly proprietary codecs like ProRes or DNxHD. These formats could one day become open standards, but only by the graces of Apple or Avid, respectively.

Unfortunately the nature of all file based content is relatively ephemeral since codecs change and improve over time. Then you compound that with how computer filesystems change and improve over time as well. Realistically, you can't expect to encode some video to a contemporary codec and have that be a common codec a couple decades from now. You're confronting an issue the industry is still at the beginning of trying to solve, so I recommend storing the camera original data along with perhaps an H.264 high bitrate proxy, but there are no guarantees.

The safest physical layer for the data would be an open-format LTO (the open formats for LTO being TAR and LTFS).

Best,
Andy Richards

VP of Product Development
Keeper Technology


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Gautam Pandey
Re: File formats for archiving video
on Oct 25, 2011 at 4:38:32 am

Hi,

Almost in exactly the same shoes as Mark.

35 years worth of footage in all sorts of formats which we are now going to digitise and load onto an Editshare system.

I agree that codecs like Apple Prores are great options but we're at the mercy of the creators.

So coming from tape what codec would you suggest? I keep reading Photo Jpeg and DVCPro50 are optins worth looking at.

Thanks

Gautam Pandey
http://www.riverbankstudios.com


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