Im just hearing this term "ENG shooting" a lot and I cant seem to discover what it is. Is it shooting directly onto a P2 Card, or Hi-Def shooting? Sorry I'm a little behind the times here, haha.
Can someone explains what this means? Thanks a lot.
ENG is Electronic News Gathering and is a very old term that dates to the transition from shooting news on 16mm film to using tape (first reel to reel, then U-matic, then Betacam, etc.). Things are changing rapidly but traditionally an ENG package meant a portable camera and recorder that met Broadcast Standards, typically it would have included a heavy tripod, a sun gun light and a couple of lavalier mics on top of the on camera shotgun along with enough batteries to shoot for several hours. An EFP package (Electronic Field Production) by comparison was geared more towards narrative or commercial production and would typically have more lights and audio gear but compromise portability to some degree.
ENG shooting is electronic news gathering, meaning shooting specifically for use in news reports. That has a style and workflow different from EFP (film shooting). There are specifics in ENG shooting technique, evolved standards that evolved to make the edit fast and easy and to tell the most story in the least time, with the fewest resources. When I started, in the early miocene, ENG crews of three were the norm: a shooter, an audio man and an engineer or grip to run the lights, plus the reporter and sometimes even a producer.
Nowadays it is a one man or one-woman band, and sometimes the reporter does his own camera work as well as conducting the interview and editing the package. Generally though it is one reporter and a shooter, the shooter handles lighting and sound as well as camera and often, but not always, the edit.
The shooter has in mind the specific shot needs for the story, and tries often to "edit in camera", that is, to shoot the pieces of the story more or less in story order, so the final edit is just a fast tightening-up of the shots. She or he knows they need an establishing shot or two of the location to identify it, some b-roll of the person(s) to be interviewed, some cut-aways and changes of angle to help cover the edits that will shorten up the sound bites finally used, and the shots of the reporter's "stand-ups", their on-camera portions. Somewhere on location or at the shop, off-camera reporter audio is recorded as soon as they write the rest of the story, then it is off to the edit, where the "package" is trimmed to fit a specific length, which used to be 90 seconds but in modern times is generally shorter now. ENG also covers live situations like satellite or microwave feeds from the field.